Mind Lab Pro®  - Your brain is your universe

If clauses with se: Italian grammar lesson 39

To practice this grammar topic, take Lesson 39 of Ripeti Con Me!
Mind Lab Pro®  - Not all supplements are the same


Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on pinterest
Share on reddit

If clauses

In today’s short lesson, we’re going to learn something very important and common in Italian: if clauses with se.

You might be wondering what we’re talking about. Well, an “if clause” is a phrase that indicates a condition and is usually followed by a phrase that refers to a consequence.

There are many different types of “if clauses”. For now, we’re only going to focus on the easiest ones: the ones that refer to realistic hypotheses.

Before we go into detail in Italian, let’s have a look at some “if clauses” in English.

  • If it rains, people don’t go to the beach.
  • If you heat ice, it melts.
  • If you talk to me like that, I won’t come.
  • If we get there late, we’ll miss the train.

As you can see, the “if clause” indicates the condition, the other clause refers to the consequence.

If clauses Italian

If clauses with se

In Italian, instead of “if” we use the short word se. If you spot this tiny word, you’ll know people are talking about a hypothetical situation.

As we said, we’re going to focus on realistic hypotheses. There are four different combinations. We’ll first look at the structures and we’ll then give you examples for you to understand.

1. Se + present indicative + present indicative

2. Se + present indicative + future indicative

3. Se + future indicative + future indicative

4. Se + present tense + imperative

We use these four combinations to talk about something that’s either happening in the present, or that will surely happen soon/has a high chance of happening.

It’s up to you to choose which one you’ll use, depending on what you’re referring to.

If clauses with se

Se: examples

We’re going to go in order, so make sure you check what we just explained.

1. Se non capisci, te lo spiego.

If you don’t understand, I explain it to you.

Free ebook
How to Learn Languages Fast

2. Se non studio, non passerò l’esame.

If I don’t study, I won’t pass the exam.

3. Se non verrà, non le parlerò piu.

If she doesn’t come, I won’t speak to her again.

4. Se vai al supermercato, comprami la pasta.

If you go to the supermarket, buy me some pasta.

Se if clauses

Se is often used together with altrimenti (else, otherwise).

Are you serious about learning Italian? Check out our premium resources to become fluent fast!

Leave a Reply

Mind Lab Pro® - The Universal Nootropic™
dolce vita logo

We're already friends!

Coming from Luca and Marina?
Here's a special deal for you!
Just tell me where I should send the coupon.

50% off your first month

all language resources

We're already friends!

Coming from All Language Resources?
Here's a special deal for you!
Just tell me where I should send the coupon.

50% off your first month


50% off your first month

Before you leave, grab a coupon while it’s available.
You may redeem it at any time.

Would you also like a couple of free resources?
No need to look around, just tick the boxes below.