How to use senza: Italian grammar lesson 87

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Without in Italian
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Senza

In this post, you’re going to learn how to use senza.

Senza basically means “without” and is the opposite of con (“with”).

Interestingly, senza comes from the Latin word absentia which meant “absence”. So, if you think about it, it makes sense since both senza and “without” mean “in the absence of”.

Senza can either be followed by a noun (for instance a person or a thing) or by a verb in the infinitive (its base form like mangiare, bere, and dormire).

If you look at the sentences below, you’ll see that in the first case, senza is followed by a noun and in the second case by a verb.

Mi piace il caffè senza zucchero.

I like coffee without sugar.

Esci senza fare rumore.

Get out without making any noise.

How to use senza

Senza + noun

As we mentioned above, senza can be followed by a noun.

Let’s have a look at some more examples:

La vita è piu semplice senza problemi.

Life is simpler without problems.

Siamo usciti senza i bambini.

We went out without the children.

La città è più tranquilla senza traffico.

The city is quieter without traffic.

How to say without in Italian

Senza + verb

Senza can also be followed by a verb. It’s similar in English when we use “without” + a verb ending in -ing.

Have a look at the sentences below:

Sei sparito senza dire niente.

You disappeared without saying anything.

Potete stare qui senza fare rumore.

You can stay here without making any noise.

Puoi vivere in Germania senza conoscere la lingua.

You can live in Germany without knowing the language.

Senza meaning Italian

Senza + di + pronoun

When senza is followed by a personal pronoun we can say senza di.

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This is the most correct way but just so you know, saying senza + personal pronoun (without di) is fine in spoken Italian.

These are the personal pronouns: me, te, lui/lei, noi, voi, loro

Have a look at the sentences below:

Non voglio andare a casa senza di lei.

I don’t want to go home without her.

Vado in vacanza senza di loro.

I’m going on holiday without them.

How to use senza in Italian

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