How to use “con”: Italian grammar lesson 72


Dive into the versatile world of the Italian preposition con! This guide will show you how to use it to express company, means, mode, reason, and time, enhancing your Italian fluency with practical examples. 🇮🇹✨

  • Company & Connection: Use con when you’re talking about being with someone or something. It’s the go-to word for saying you did something with a friend, like “Siamo andati al cinema con Gianluca.”
  • Means & Mode: Describe how you do something by using con. Whether you’re making juice with a blender or working with dedication, con is your buddy for explaining the “how.”
  • Reason & Cause: Got a reason for something happening? Con is perfect for that too. Say the rain is the reason you’re late with “Con questa pioggia sarà impossibile arrivare.”
  • Time Expressions: Seasons changing? Use con to link time to events, like “The swallows arrived with the spring” – “Con la primavera sono arrivate le rondini.”
  • Practice Makes Perfect: Don’t just read about it; put con into action! Try forming sentences using con for different contexts and watch your Italian conversations get a whole lot smoother.

My thoughts

What is con in Italian?

The Italian word con is extremely common, and I am sure you have heard it countless times if you’re studying Italian or even if you just hang out with Italian people!

Ieri sera sono andata a cena con Mariangela.

Last night I went out for dinner with Mariangela.

Con che macchina siete andati?

What car did you go with?

Con is a preposition, which means it is used to clarify the relationship between different parts of a sentence.

Con can often be translated as with and in this lesson, we will learn how to use it correctly in different contexts.

How to use con as company and connection?

The Italian preposition con can be used with different functions. One of the main ones is to talk about the company (being with someone) or connection and relationship (having something to do with someone).

In this case, the preposition is usually translated as with.

Siamo andati al cinema con Gianluca.

We went to the cinema with Gianluca.

Ho un appuntamento con l’avvocato.

I have an appointment with the lawyer.

Luigi si è sposato con una ragazza colombiana.

Luigi got married to a Colombian girl.

How to use con as means and mode?

Another way you can use con is to talk about the means by which you do something or how you do it.

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Have a look at the examples below!

  • Means

Ho fatto un succo di more con il frullatore.

I made blackberry juice with the blender.

L’abbiamo tagliato con il coltello.

We cut it with a knife.

  • Mode

Ha lavorato con impegno.

He worked with commitment.

L’ho fatto con piacere.

I did it with pleasure.

How to use con as reason, cause and with time?

Sometimes, the preposition con can be used to describe the reason why something is happening or its cause.

Let’s see some examples of this:

Con questa pioggia sarà impossibile arrivare.

With this rain it will be impossible to get there.

Con il suo aiuto siamo riusciti a finire il progetto in tempo.

With his help, we managed to finish the project on time.

Con can also be used to express time, such as:

Con la primavera sono arrivate le rondini.

The swallows arrived with the spring.

Con i primi freddi le strade si sono congelate.

With the first cold, the streets froze.

What does "con" mean in Italy?

The Italian preposition "con" serves various purposes. It is most commonly used to refer to being in someone's company or establishing a connection or relationship with them. Additionally, "con" can also be used to express the method by which something is done.

What is the difference between "con" and "col" in Italian?

The Italian language includes two prepositions that indicate with: "con" and "col." "Con" is a simple preposition, while "col" is an articulated preposition that is written in a contracted form. It is formed by combining the simple preposition "con" with the article "il." Therefore, "col" means "with the" in a more specific sense.

Italian word of the day
Hai voglia di fare una passeggiata?
Do you feel like going for a walk?
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