How to say “with” and “without”: Italian grammar lesson

Lesson 14

Key Takeaways

In this lesson, you’ll learn how to say “with” and “without” in Italian, including their usage and examples.

  • The word for “with” in Italian is con, which is easy to remember with just three letters.
  • Con can be abbreviated to col and coi for easier pronunciation.
  • The word for “without” in Italian is senza, used to indicate the absence or lack of something.
  • Unlike con, senza cannot be abbreviated.
  • Examples help illustrate the use of con and senza in everyday sentences.

Quick facts

How do you say "with" in Italian?

"With" in Italian is "con," a simple three-letter word.

Can "con" be abbreviated?

Yes, "con" can be shortened to "col" (with the) and "coi" (with the) for easier pronunciation.

Give an example using "con" in a sentence.

"Mi piace parlare con te" means "I like talking with you."

Is there an abbreviation for "senza"?

No, "senza," meaning "without," cannot be abbreviated.

How is "senza" used in a sentence?

"È uscito senza ombrello" translates to "He went out without an umbrella."

What is the origin of "senza"?

"Senza" derives from Latin words "absentia" (absence) and "sine" (without).

Can you use "col" in a sentence?

"Vado a casa col cane" means "I'm going home with the dog."

How about an example with "coi"?

"Luigi vive ancora coi genitori" translates to "Luigi still lives with his parents."

How do you express necessity in Italian?

Use "senza," like in "Non posso stare senza di lei" (I can’t live without her).

What does "Siamo rimasti senza zucchero" mean?

It translates to "We’ve run out of sugar" (literally: We're left without sugar).

Audio images

🔊
Parto sempre con il mio zaino.
🔊
Posso prendere il caffè senza zucchero?
🔊
Vado in palestra senza amici.

Vocab

con
senza
insieme
accanto
attraverso
dietro
davanti
contro
sopra
sotto
per
tra
verso
dentro
fuori
prima
dopo
intorno
oltre
lontano

Sentences

Vado al cinema con i miei amici.

I'm going to the cinema with my friends.

Bevo il caffè senza zucchero.

I drink coffee without sugar.

Vorrei una pizza con funghi.

I would like a pizza with mushrooms.

Non posso vivere senza musica.

I can't live without music.

Vuoi venire con me?

Do you want to come with me?

My Thoughts

How to say “with” in Italian

In today’s short lesson, you’re going to learn how to say “with” in Italian.

It’s easy to remember since it only has 3 letters: “con”.

Like in English, we use this word when we want to talk about something or someone being accompanied by something or someone else.

🔊
Parto sempre con il mio zaino.

Con: examples

Let’s have a look at some examples:

Vai a casa con tua sorella?

Are you going home with your sister?

Vieni con i tuoi genitori stasera?

Are you coming with your parents tonight?

Mi piace parlare con te.

I like talking with you.

Lei scrive sempre con la mano destra.

She always writes with her right hand.

Mangio un panino con il formaggio.

I’m eating a sandwich with cheese.

🔊
Posso prendere il caffè senza zucchero?

Col, coi

You might also hear the abbreviated versions of “con + il”, and “con + i”:

  • con + il: col
  • con + i: coi

Both options are correct. Sometimes, it’s just easier to say the shortened versions.

Have a look at the examples below:

Vado a casa col cane.

I’m going home with the dog.

Luigi vive ancora coi genitori.

Luigi still lives with his parents.

🔊
Vado in palestra senza amici.

How to say “without” in Italian

In Italian, if we want to say “without”, we say senza. We recommend checking its pronunciation by just clicking on the word.

Unlike con, senza cannot be abbreviated.

Like in English, we use senza in Italian to indicate the absence or lack of something.

Interestingly, this word seems to come from the combination of the Latin words absentia (absence) and sine (without).

If you remember this, it might be easier for you to remember the word senza.

Senza: examples

Let’s now look at some examples with senza:

È uscito senza ombrello.

He went out without an umbrella.

Non so cosa farei senza il suo aiuto.

I don’t know what I’d do without his help.

Non senza alcune riserve.

Not without some reservations.

Cosa farei senza di te?

What would I do without you?

Non posso stare senza di lei.

I can’t live without her.

Siamo rimasti senza zucchero.

We’ve run out of sugar. (Literally: We’re left without sugar.)

With and without in Italian: key points

“With” is easy to remember, since it has just three letters: “con”.

Free Guide
How to Learn Languages Fast

We use this word when we want to talk about something or someone being accompanied by something or someone else.

If you want to make it even easier to say, you can use the abbreviated versions: col and coi.

If we want to talk about “without”, we’ll use the word “senza“.

Unlike “con“, “senza” cannot be abbreviated and we use it to indicate the absence or lack of something.

Test your knowledge in 10 quick questions

FAQs

How do you use Senza in Italian?

Senza can be followed by a verb in the infinitive or a noun (such as a person or a thing).

What is con Italian?

Con serves as a preposition, which means it specifies how one part of a sentence relates to another.

How do you use Col in Italian?

The abbreviation "col" may be used whenever appropriate, excluding words beginning with an S+consonant, GN, PN, SC, X, and Z.

Italian word of the day
aziende
Example
Dalla crisi, molte aziende hanno chiuso.
Because of the financial crisis, many companies shut down.
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