False reflexives II: Italian grammar lesson 154

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salutarsi italian
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False reflexives in Italian

As we have seen in the previous lesson, the riflessivi impropri, or false reflexives are verbs that look like reflexives but are not. They can take 3 forms:

  • la forma riflessiva apparente;
  • la forma riflessiva reciproca;
  • la forma pronominale.

In this lesson, we’ll look at the second one, la forma riflessiva reciproca (reciprocal reflexives.)

reflexive si mi ti Italian

Reciproci: Explained

As you can probably guess from the name, in this form the verbs will express a reciprocal action. In this case, the action is both performed and experienced by the subject.

Voi non vi salutate.

You do not say hi to each other.

I ragazzi si sono picchiati.

The guys beat each other.

Fabio e Massimo si salutano.

Fabio and Massimo say hi to each other.

As you can see from the translations, in this form the pronominal particles (ci, si, vi) have the meaning of “each other”.

noi ci voi vi loro si italian

Reciproci: Rules

Since we are talking about a reciprocal action, in this form we will only be able to conjugate the verb in the plural, with the personal pronouns noi, voi, loro (we, you plural, they).

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The verbs that can be conjugated in this form are always transitive, which means they take a direct object. In this case, the direct object is the pronominal particle ci, vi or si, (each other).

Loro si aiutano.

They help each other.

Noi ci siamo lasciati.

We broke up – We left each other.

Perché vi odiate?

Why do you hate each other?

reciprocal verbs Italian

Reciproci: Conjugation

Presente
  Aiutarsi
(to help e.o.)
Odiarsi
(to hate e.o.)
Salutarsi
(to greet e.o.)
noi ci aiutiamo ci odiamo ci salutiamo
voi vi aiutate vi odiate vi salutate
loro, Loro si aiutano si odiano si salutano

 

Passato Prossimo
  Aiutarsi
(to help e.o.)
Odiarsi
(to hate e.o.)
Salutarsi
(to greet e.o.)
noi  ci siamo aiutati/e ci siamo odiati/e ci siamo salutati/e
voi  vi siete aiutati/e vi siete odiati/e vi siete salutati/e
loro, Loro si sono aiutati/e si sono odiati/e si sono salutati/e

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