What is the structure of after doing something in Italian?
Here are the two possible options:
- dopo + avere + past participle.
- dopo + essere + past participle.
How to form the past participle of regular verbs?
The past participles of regular verbs are easy to remember because they follow a pattern:
- the verbs that end in –are in the infinitive, end in –ato in the past participle.
- the verbs that end in –ere in the infinitive, end in –uto in the past participle.
- the verbs that end in –ire in the infinitive, end in –ito in the past participle.
Have a look at some examples:
- –are: mangiare, ballare, and cantare become mangiato, ballato, and cantato.
- –ere: credere, cadere, and ricevere become creduto, caduto, and ricevuto.
- –ire: pulire, dormire, and sentire become pulito, dormito, and sentito.
How to form the past participle of irregular verbs?
Some verbs are irregular and don’t follow a pattern, so basically; you need to memorize them.
An easy way to do so is to remember they usually end in -to or -so. Here’s a list of the most common ones:
- aprire (to open): aperto
- bere (to drink): bevuto
- decidere(to decide): deciso
- essere(to be): stato
- dire(to say): detto
- fare(to do): fatto
- leggere (to read): letto
- mettere(to put): messo
- perdere (to lose): perso
- prendere (to get): preso
- rimanere(to stay): rimasto
- scegliere (to choose): scelto
- scrivere (to write): scritto
- vedere (to see): visto
- vivere (to live): vissuto
How to use dopo + avere + past participle?
After the verb avere, the past participle never agrees in gender and number with the subject so it always ends in -o.
Here are some examples:
Dopo aver cenato, siamo andati a ballare.
After having dinner, we went dancing.
Dopo aver vissuto in Germania, voglio imparare il tedesco.
After living in Germany, I want to learn German.
Dopo aver fatto i compiti, mia figlia è andata a giocare fuori.
After finishing her homework, my daughter went to play outside.
Practice with QuizletHere's a set of flashcards and quizzes to practice this grammar topic.
How to use dopo + essere + past participle?
Remember when it comes to the verb essere, the past participle agrees in gender and number with the subject. Its endings are the following: -o, -a, -i, -e.
Let’s have a look at some examples:
Dopo essere andata in Spagna, sono andata in Francia.
After going to Spain, I went to France.
Dopo essere rimasti una settimana da loro, siamo tornati a casa.
After staying at theirs for a week, we came back home.
Dopo essere tornato in Italia, ho ripreso a lavorare.
After returning to Italy, I got back to work.
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