“Sia” and “né”: Italian grammar lesson 38

Summary

Unlock the secrets of Italian with our guide on using sia and ! You’ll learn how to smoothly connect your thoughts like a native, making your Italian both elegant and expressive. 🇮🇹✨

  • Master Correlative Conjunctions: Get to grips with sia and to link your words with finesse. They’re the dynamic duo of Italian grammar that’ll spice up your sentences!
  • Expressing Positives: Use sia… sia… when you’re all about including options. It’s like saying “I’m all in for both!” in Italian style. 🍕🍝
  • Handling Negatives: Flip the script with né… né… when you’re giving the cold shoulder to multiple choices. It’s your go-to for the Italian “nope” to both. ❌
  • Consistency is Key: Remember, when you’re pairing things up with these connectors, keep it grammatically stylish. Nouns with nouns, verbs with verbs – matchy-matchy makes perfect!
  • Examples Galore: Dive into examples like “Mi piacciono sia i gatti sia i cani” to see how it’s done. It’s like saying “Cats and dogs? Love ’em both!” but with that Italian chef’s kiss. 😘🐾
  • Embrace Versatility: Whether you’re linking nouns, adjectives, or verbs, these connectors are your BFFs for crafting sentences that flow like a fine Italian wine. 🍷

My thoughts

What do sia and né mean in Italian?

Sia and are two very useful and relatively common Italian words.

Sia… sia corresponds to both… and…, while né… né… can be translated with neither… nor…  for a negative tone or with either… or… for an affirmative one in English. In Italian is always used in negative sentences.

From a grammatical point of view, both sia and are connectives, which is a class of words that link clauses and sentences in order to link thoughts and ideas.

Connectives are very important to master in order to develop language skills and fluency because native speakers tend not to speak in single isolated clauses but to link clauses together.

Sia and are a kind of connective called correlative conjunctions. They are always used in pairs and work together to relate one sentence element to another.

The two-sentence elements linked by correlative conjunctions must carry equal weight in the sentence and must be of the same grammatical nature. For example, two nouns, two adjectives, two verbs, etc.

How to use sia?

Sia… sia… are used to express two things that are both good options.

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Let’s take a look at some examples.

  • Linking two nouns:

Mi piacciono sia i gatti sia i cani.

I like both cats and dogs.

  • Linking two nouns introduced by a preposition:

Questo sito è navigabile sia su computer sia su smartphone.

This website can be browsed both on a computer and on a smartphone.

  • Linking two pronouns:

Marco e Lucia sono una bella coppia. Ho conosciuto sia lui sia lei quando andavo all’università.

Marco and Lucia are a great couple. I met both him and her when I was in university.

  • Linking two adjectives:

Claudia è sia intelligence sia simpatica.

Claudia is both smart and funny.

  • Linking two verbs:

Luigi ama sia dipingere sia scolpire, è un grande artista!

Luigi loves both paining and sculpting, he is a great artist!

How to use né?

Né… né… are used to express that two things are both not a good option.

Let’s take a look at some examples.

  • Linking two nouns:

Non posso mangiare pesce né frutti di mare, sono allergico.

I can’t eat either fish or seafood, I’m allergic to it.

  • Linking two nouns introduced by a preposition:

Mia sorella non ha parlato con mia madre né con mio padre prima di prendere questa decisione.

My sister spoke neither with my mother nor my father before making this decision.

  • Linking two pronouns:

Non ho visto lui né lei alla festa.

I saw neither her nor him at the party.

  • Linking two adjectives:

Questo film non è bello né interessante.

This movie is neither enjoyable nor interesting.

  • Linking two verbs:

Carlo è molto pigro, non vuole lavorare né studiare.

Carlo is very lazy, he does not want to either work or study.

What do "sia" and "né" mean?

"Sia" and "né" are correlative conjunctions equivalent to both, either or neither in English.

How to use "sia"?

"Sia" is used to express two things that are both good options.

How to use "né"?

"Né" is used to express that two things are both not a good option.

Italian word of the day
passeggiata
Example
Hai voglia di fare una passeggiata?
Do you feel like going for a walk?
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5 Responses

  1. Entrambi and tutto e due also mean both.

    Is ‘entrambi i gatti e i cani’ the equivalent of ‘sia i gatti, sia i cani’ ?

    Grazie

    1. Ciao Donald!

      Entrambi and sia…sia can be used for saying “both” but it is fundamental to remember that while the first one is an adjective, the second one is a correlative conjunction that always must be used paired.

      Let me know if I’ve answered your question or if you have any other doubts regarding this grammar note.

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