What are definite articles in Italian?
Definite articles (articoli determinativi) refer to or introduce a particular, specific noun or a known concept (something that was previously mentioned).
Italian definite articles have different forms according to the following things:
- The gender of the noun (masculine or feminine)
- The number of the noun (singular or plural)
- The first letters of the noun or adjective that it precedes
How to say “the” in Italian?
Italian definite articles generally correspond to the English article “the”, but while in English “the” has only one form, in Italian there is a total of 7 different definite articles: LO, IL, LA, L’, GLI, I, LE.
Yes, they all mean “the” in Italian!
This makes learning definite articles a bit more complicated, but once you know the structure, it’s relatively simple to get used to.
Tip: definite articles are great clues to understand the noun’s grammatical gender!
Learn more about nouns’ gender in Italian by reading here.
Definite Articles: Conjugation
- LO: it is used for all singular masculine nouns beginning with z, gn, or s+consonant
- IL: it is used for all singular masculine nouns beginning with a consonant, except the nouns for which LO is used instead.
- L’: it is used for all singular masculine nouns beginning with a vowel
- LA: it is used for all singular feminine nouns beginning with a consonant.
- L’: it is used for all singular feminine nouns beginning with a vowel
- GLI: it is used for all plural masculine nouns beginning with vowels, z, gn, or s+consonant
- I: it is used for all other plural masculine nouns
- LE: it is used for all plural feminine nouns.
You can follow this table for the conjugation of singular and feminine nouns, according to the number (singular and plural) and beginning of the word.
studentessa (=female student)
studentesse (=female students)
Practice with QuizletHere's a set of flashcards and quizzes to practice this grammar topic.
When to use definite Articles
Let’s take a look at when to use definite articles and some example sentences.
- To indicate a particular/specific thing, person or an object:
Hai visto il gatto di Maria?
Have you seen Maria’s cat?
Mi hanno rubato il passaporto
They stole my passport
- To indicate something that was mentioned previously:
- To talk about parts of the body:
Mi fa male la testa.
My head hurts.
Luca si è rotto il braccio.
Luca broke his arm.
- To indicate a category or a species in a generic sense:
- Before the name of a language, except when the verbs parlare (to speak) or studiare (to study).
For those cases, it’s up to you whether you want to use it or not.
L’italiano è una lingua molto musical.
Italian is a very musical language.
Mi piace imparare l’italiano.
I like learning Italian.
- To refer to geographical locations, such as:
- Continents: l’America, l’Europa
- Countries: l’Italia, la Spagna
- Regions: la Toscana
- Islands: la Silicia, il Madagascar
- Rivers: il Tevere
- Mountains: il Monte Bianco
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