Passive voice with the verb “andare”: Italian grammar lesson 216

Summary

Unlock the secrets of the Italian passive voice! 🇮🇹 Dive into our guide to master the art of turning active sentences into passive ones with essere and andare, and spice up your Italian with this essential grammar skill.

  • Passive Voice Basics: Learn to switch gears from active to passive voice, transforming “We will sign the contract” into “The contract will be signed by us.”
  • Using Essere: Get the lowdown on forming the passive voice with essere plus a past participle, like “Il pranzo è servito” (Lunch is served).
  • Gender and Number Agreement: Remember, past participles must agree with the subject’s gender and number when using essere. It’s all about matching endings!
  • Passive with Andare: Discover how andare adds a twist to the passive voice, expressing necessity or obligation – think “must” or “has to be.”
  • Conjugating Andare: Tackle the irregular verb andare and its use in the passive voice, especially the forms va and vanno.
  • Real-Life Examples: See passive voice in action with phrases like “I diritti umani vanno rispettati” (Human rights must be respected). It’s not just theory!

My thoughts

What is the passive voice?

In this post, we’re going to focus on how to form the passive voice with the verb andare.

Have a look at the two examples below and pay attention to the difference in terms of meaning:

Noi firmeremo il contratto.

We will sign the contract.

And

Il contratto sarà firmato da noi.

The contract will be signed by us.

How to form the passive voice with essere?

To form the passive voice in Italian, we use the verb essere followed by the past participle of the main verb, as in the examples below:

Il pranzo è servito alle 12.

Lunch is served at 12.

Questi palazzi sono stati costruiti negli anni 80.

These buildings were built in the 80s.

Since we use the verb essere to form the passive voice, the past participle has to agree in gender and number with the subject.

So, the past participle will end in -o, -a, -i, or -e depending on whether the subject is masculine or feminine, and singular or plural.

How to form the passive voice with andare?

Interestingly, in Italian, the passive voice can also be formed with the verb andare followed by the past participle of the main verb.

The structure is: Conjugated form of the verb venire + past participle of the main verb.

This means we don’t always need the verb essere when we want to use the passive voice.

We use the verb andare in the passive voice to express obligation or necessity. It’s the Italian equivalent of the English “must”.

It is used exactly like dovere + essere + past participle (has to be, must be).

The following two sentences in Italian are synonyms:

Le tasse vanno pagate.
Le tasse devono essere pagate.

Taxes must be paid.

The conjugation of the verb andare

The verb andare is irregular. And we usually use the present tense of the verb andare in the passive voice.

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So, let’s  review it’s the conjugation:

Io vado
Tu vai
Lei/ Lui va
Noi andiamo
Voi andate
Loro vanno

You’ll notice we mainly use va and vanno.

Now you’re ready to see some more examples of passive voice with the verb andare.

Practice with Quizlet

Here's a set of flashcards and quizzes to practice this grammar topic.

Passive voice with andare: examples

Let’s have a look at some examples:

I diritti umani vanno rispettati.

Human rights must be respected.

Se il computer non funziona più va cambiato.

If the computer no longer works it has to be replaced by another one.

La vodka va bevuta fredda.

Vodka must be drunk cold.

Quando la legge è ingiusta va respinta.

When the law is unfair it must be rejected.

Le cose che ho detto non vanno dimenticate.

The things I said must not be forgotten.

Le sigarette vanno spente nel portacenere.

Cigarettes must be put out in the ashtray.

I libri vanno letti fino alla fine.

Books have to be read until the end.

What is the passive voice?

When the action’s target is positioned first as the focus of the sentence. The subject is now being acted upon by the verb.

How to form the passive voice with essere?

With the verb essere followed by the past participle of the main verb.

How to form the passive voice with avere?

With the verb venire + past participle of the main verb to express obligation or necessity.

Italian word of the day
passeggiata
Example
Hai voglia di fare una passeggiata?
Do you feel like going for a walk?
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3 Responses

    1. Hi Giacomo Nasar,

      Thank you for your feedback. We’re glad to hear that you found the lesson on the passive voice in Italian useful. Understanding the passive voice is crucial for mastering Italian, as it allows you to express actions in a different perspective.

      In the examples given, “Noi firmeremo il contratto” (We will sign the contract) is in the active voice, while “Il contratto sarà firmato da noi” (The contract will be signed by us) is in the passive voice. The passive voice emphasizes the action (the signing of the contract) rather than who is performing the action.

      We hope this clarifies the concept for you. If you have any more questions or need further clarification, please don’t hesitate to ask. We’re here to help!

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