Opposite adjectives: Italian grammar lesson 68

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Italian adjectives 1
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Opposite adjectives

Learning a foreign language is great!

It can also be fun, rewarding, and exciting.

Some other times you might think it’s exhausting, challenging, and overwhelming.

In any case, the words we used above are adjectives. We use adjectives to describe a person, a thing, an idea, a place, an animal, etc.

In this post, we’re going to focus on those opposite adjectives that can be formed by just adding a letter (or two, or even three) in front of the adjective that means the exact opposite.

Just think of the words happy and unhappy or believable and unbelievable.

Now try to think of other adjectives in English that behave like this. You’ll probably find lots!

Here’s a list of the most common prefixes (those letters placed at the beginning of a word) in Italian:

  • in-
  • dis-
  • s-
  • a-

We don’t want to overwhelm you, so we’ll give you the most common groups of opposite adjectives where the “negative” adjectives start with the prefixes mentioned above.

Ideally, you should take notes about the new adjectives, write them down, and practice, repeat, and review them. This will help you memorize and remember them.

Opposite adjectives Italian

Adjectives starting with in-

The prefix in- is the most common one.

Here’s a list of the most common groups of opposite adjectives where the “negative” adjective starts with in-:

capace/incapace

capable/incapable

certo/incerto

certain/uncertain

credibile/incredibile

credible/incredible

felice/infelice

happy/unhappy

utile/inutile

useful/useless

Negative adjectives Italian

The “n” in in- becomes an m when the adjectives start with a “p” or an “m”. This means the prefix becomes im-.

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Have a look at the groups of words below:

mobile/immobile

mobile/immobile

morale/immorale

moral/immoral

possibile/impossibile

possible/impossible

preparato/impreparato

prepared/unprepared

How to form negative adjectives Italian

Adjectives starting with dis-

Here’s a list of the most common groups of opposite adjectives where the “negative” adjective starts with dis-:

abitato/disabitato

inhabited/uninhabited

attento/disattento

attentive/inattentive

onesto/disonesto

honest/dishonest

informato/disinformato

informed/uninformed

ordinato/disordinato

tidy/untidy

Prefixes adjectives Italian

Adjectives starting with s-

The prefix s- is not very common, so again, we’ll give you the most common “negative” adjectives starting with s-.

carico/scarico

charged/out of battery or power

cortese/scortese

kind/unkind

gradevole/sgradevole

pleasant/unpleasant

contento/scontento

pleased/displeased

Italian opposite adjectives prefixes

Adjectives starting with a-

The prefix a- is the least common, so we’ll just give you three groups of adjectives:

normale/anormale

normal/abnormal

sociale/asocial

sociable/unsociable

tipico/atipico

typical/atypical

Italian prefixes and opposite adjectives

Practice with Quizlet

Here's a set of flashcards and quizzes to practice this grammar topic.

Opposite adjectives: examples

Since we’ve already given you many new words, we’ll just give you a few examples with some of the “negative” adjectives we mentioned above.

Questo posto è incredibile!

This place is incredible!

Mi sento un po’ inutile perché non sto facendo niente.

I feel a bit useless because I’m not doing anything.

Mattia è davvero disordinato ed è pure disonesto.

Mattia is really untidy and he’s even dishonest.

Il mio cellulare è scarico.

My mobile phone is out of battery.

Quella persona è un po’ sgradevole.

That person is unpleasant.

Mia sorella è un po’ asociale.

My sister is a bit unsociable.

Opposite adjectives in Italian

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