Adverbs formed from adjectives: Italian grammar lesson 74

To master this grammar topic, take Lesson 74 of the audio course Ripeti Con Me!
how to make adverbs from adjectives italian grammar
I want to learn:

Adverbs formed from adjectives: An introduction

What’s an adverb, and what’s the difference between adverbs and adjectives?

While adjectives are describing words that can modify nouns, adverbs are instead used to modify a verb.

They often answer the questions “how?”, “when?” or “where?” and provide additional information on the action of the sentence.

Many Italian adverbs are formed from adjectives.

This happens in English as well: many adjectives can be transformed into adverbs by adding the suffix “-ly”, as in “sure” (adjective) → “surely” (adverb), “slow” (adjective) → “slowly” (adverb), etc.

But how do we form adverbs from adjectives in Italian?

Adverbs formed from adjectives: Conjugation

Forming adverbs from adjectives in Italian is pretty straightforward. There are only three rules concerning their conjugation:

  • For adjectives that end in -a/-o for their singular form:

We simply add the suffix “-mente” to the adjective feminine singular form

Examples:

  1. lento/ f. lenta (slow – adjective) → Lentamente (slowly – adverb)
  2. m. certo/ certa (sure – adjective) → certamente (surely – adverb)
  3. m. raro/ rara (rare – adjective) → raramente (rarely – adverb)
  • For adjectives that end in -e for their singular form:

We simply add the suffix “-mente” to the adjective singular form

Examples:

m./f. felice (happy – adjective) → felicemente (happily – adverb)

m./f. forte (strong – adjective) → fortemente (strongly – adverb)

m./f. veloce (fast – adjective) → velocemente (fast – adverb)

  • For adjectives that end with the syllable -le, -la, –re, or -ra:

We eliminate the last “e” and add the suffix “-mente”:

Examples:

Free Guide
How to Learn Languages Fast

m./f. gentile (kind – adjective) → gentilmente (kindly – adverb)

m./f. abile (skillful – adjective) → abilmente (skillfully – adverb)

m. leggero/ leggera (light – adjective) → leggermente (lightly – adverb)

Adverbs formed from adjectives: Rules

Where are Italian adverbs positioned inside a sentence?

Let’s take a look at some examples:

Luca parla educatamente.

Luca speaks politely.

Sto mangiando lentamente perché sono quasi pieno.

I’m eating slowly because I’m almost full.

Loro vanno raramente in palestra.

They rarely go to the gym.

  • When they refer to the whole meaning of a sentence, they can go at the beginning or at the end of that sentence:

Veramente, non ti stavo ascoltando.

Frankly, I wasn’t listening to you.

Chiaramente, non hai capito niente!

Clearly, you didn’t understand anything!

Faccio esercizio fisico regolarmente.

I exercise regularly.

Practice with Quizlet

Here's a set of flashcards and quizzes to practice this grammar topic.

How to make comparisons

You can make comparisons with either names or adjectives.

Check out this lesson on how to make comparisons in Italian.

Still translating in your head? Wanna speak Italian for real? Check out Stefano's courses to think directly in Italian and become fluent fast!

Stefano

Italian language tutor, course author, and polyglot. After learning 12 languages, I can tell you that we all master languages by listening and mimicking. With my method, you'll be speaking Italian from Lesson 1.

Follow me to fluency

Receive my free resources once a week together with my best offers! No need to look around, just tell me where to send everything.
Choose your preferences:
Opt out at any time.

Leave a Reply

To master this topic, take a lesson from my audio course!

Try my courses for free​
ripeti con me mockup sm
Overcome your Barriers

Anything holding you back from becoming fluent?
Get on the right track today with my free checklist!

pain learning languages checklist preview
How long to fluency?

Find out how long it will take you to master Italian!
Get on the right track in 3 minutes.

dolce vita logo

We're already friends!

Coming from Luca and Marina?
Here's a special deal for you!
Just tell me where I should send the coupon.

50% OFF
all language resources

We're already friends!

Coming from All Language Resources?
Here's a special deal for you!
Just tell me where I should send the coupon.

50% OFF
GRAB A COUPON NOW, REDEEM IT LATER
50% OFF

To receive free resources once a week together with my best offers, just tell me where to send everything. Opt out at any time.