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3. Un bambino, una bambina

Grammar notes
- Masculine and feminine forms of nouns and adjectives
Ripeti con me! 3 a
Show Italian/English text
Avete bambini?
Do you have children?
Abbiamo una bambina.
We have a girl.
Alessia è una buona amica.
Alessia is a good friend.
Marco è un buon amico.
Marco is a good friend.
Hai fratelli o sorelle?
Do you have brothers or sisters?
Ho due sorelle.
Yes, two sisters.
Avete una macchina?
Do you have a car?
Abbiamo due macchine.
We have two cars.
Loro hanno una casa grande.
They have a big house.
Hanno figli?
Do they have children?
Hanno una figlia.
They have a daughter.
Hai amici in città?
Do you have friends in town?
Ho un’amica.
I have a friend.
Hai una penna rossa?
Do you have a red pen?
Hai una bella casa!
You have a nice house!
Ho un vestito nuovo!
I’ve got a new dress!
È una bella foto, vero?
That’s a nice photo, isn’t it?
È aperta la banca?
Is the bank open?
Oggi le banche sono chiuse.
Today banks are closed.
La mia ragazza è giapponese.
My girlfriend is Japanese.
Quelle turiste sono giapponesi.
Those tourists are Japanese.
In Italia le macchine sono piccole.
In Italy, cars are small.
Filippo ha una macchina grande.
Filippo has a big car.
È una buona idea!
That’s a good idea!
Anna ha sempre buone idee.
Anna always has good ideas.
Questa è una scuola?
Is this a school?
La domenica le scuole sono chiuse.
Schools are closed on Sundays.
Che bella pizza!
What a nice pizza!
Ecco le pizze!
Here’s the pizzas!
Deborah è vegetariana.
Deborah is vegetarian.



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24 Responses

    1. Ciao Bill!

      La frase 9 potrebbe essere chiara anche senza Loro perché dal verbo hanno si capisce che si sta parlando o facendo riferimento alla terza persona plurale, loro.

  1. Buongiorno Stefano

    Nella frase 9.: Loro hanno una casa grande
    Ma nella frase 11. : Hano una figlia
    Perche frase 11. non inizia con “Loro”?

    Grazie Bill

    1. Ciao Bill!

      La frase #11 non inizia con loro perché certe volte il soggetto è sottinteso e si capisce dal verbo. In questo caso il verbo avere in terza persona plurale (hanno) fa capire che si parla di loro.

      Se hai ancora dubbi o domande facci sapere 🙂

    1. Ciao Dee!

      In Italian, the majority of adjectives are placed after the noun they are describing. But when using two adjectives, they are linked by the conjunction “e" (meaning “and"), either before or after the noun.

      The Italian language follows a grammatical rule wherein an adjective must match the gender and number of the noun it describes. This means that if the noun is feminine and singular, the adjective should also be feminine and singular. Similarly, if the noun is masculine and plural, the adjective should be masculine and plural as well.

  2. Ciao Stefano, where would you use Avete instead of Hai to say “Do you have?"? Also, “Hai" seems to be used for both the question of “do you have" and “you have" as a statement, would the remainder of the sentence and the expression of how it’s said just then determine whether it’s a question or statement that is being said? Thank you – Jacinta

    1. Ciao Jacinta!

      Before answering your first question, I would like to do a little recap: “avete" refers to the 2nd person of the plural (voi) while “hai" refers to the 2nd person of the singular (tu). I know in English “you" is used for both singular and plural but it is important to have in mind this difference.

      Now, regarding your first question, we would use “avete" instead of “hai" when we are alluding “voi" and we would use “hai" when we are referring to “tu". So we would use “avete" for saying “Do you have?" like this: Voi avete del pane? 

      While for “hai" the question is: “Tu hai dell’olio?"

      For answering your second question, “hai" can be used as a question and as a statement. The first clue for knowing which is which, is the question mark because in Italian they are always used. And yes, you can also understand using the context of the sentence. 

      I hope I solved your doubts 😊 and don’t hesitate to ask if it’s not entirely clear.

  3. Ciao Stefano,
    nella frase numero 27 sento “Domenica le scuole sono chiuse", ma nella trascrizione è scritto “LA domenica le scuole sono chiuse" … cos’è (più) corretto?

    Cari saluti

  4. Caio Stefano,
    Io penso (sorry I only know present tense for now) che “buona/o" e per cibo e “bello/a" e per cose. Are they interchangeable? Or can you explain when to use buona/o and bella/bello. In Lesson 3 it seems to be interchangeable. Grazie.

  5. heavy bag : borsa pesante

    heavy bags: borse pesanti

    (I function better with rules: 🙂

    so: pesanti / i ending in pl. because that adjective ends in e in singular ? no matter what noun ( m or f) is being modified? or, please explain if that isn’t correct

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