Prepositions “with” and “from”: Italian grammar lesson 180

Summary

Dive into the intricacies of Italian prepositions with this enlightening guide! Learn how to seamlessly combine prepositions like con and da with articles to master the art of Italian speech and writing.

  • Prepositions Basics: Get to grips with essential Italian prepositions like di, a, da, in, con, su, per, tra, and fra. They’re the glue in your sentence structure! 📚
  • Article Agreement: Remember, articles like il, lo, la, i, gli, and le change based on gender and number. They’re crucial for sounding like a native! 👌
  • The ‘Con’ Conundrum: Con can mean with, by means of, or through. It sometimes fuses with articles to become col or coi, but it’s not a must-do. Flexibility is key! 😎
  • Da Rules: Unlike con, da always hooks up with articles. No exceptions! Learn combos like dal, dall’, dalla, dallo, dai, dalle, and dagli to avoid slip-ups. 🚀
  • Practice with Examples: Use the provided sentences to practice. Whether it’s going out with friends or looking from a window, context is everything. Get those examples rolling! 🤓

My thoughts

Prepositions

Some common prepositions are di, a, da, in, con, su, per, and tra, fra (= of, to, from, in, with, on, for, between, in).

Sometimes, we find them together with the following articles: il, lo, la, i, gli, and le (they all mean “the” but change depending on the gender and number of what/who they refer to).

Con

Con has three meanings: with, by means of, and through. As we said earlier, con might be followed by an article.

Usually, the article is not linked to the preposition con. However, there are two cases where they appear together: con + il becomes col, and con + i becomes coi.

This rule is not obligatory, so sometimes people don’t link these two short words.

Have a look at the following examples:

Vengo con te.

I’m coming with you.

Stasera esco con il/col mio migliore amico.

Tonight I’m going out with my best friend.

Vanno in Francia con i/coi bambini.

They’re going to France with the children.

Con determinazione, è riuscito a passare l’ultimo esame.

Through determination, he managed to pass his final exam.

Ha spiegato un esercizio con un esempio.

She explained an exercise by means of an example.

Practice with Quizlet

Here's a set of flashcards and quizzes to practice this grammar topic.

Da

Da has the following meanings: from, from this moment on, around, through, over, and to. Da can stand on its own if it’s not followed by the article meaning “the.”

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However, unlike con, da is always linked to the articles and this rule is obligatory.

Here are the combinations:

  • da + il: dal
  • da + l’: dall
  • da + la: dalla
  • da + lo: dallo
  • da + i: dai
  • da + le: dalle
  • da + gli: dagli

And here are some examples:

Non vedo niente da qua.

I cannot see anything from here.

Da oggi sono a dieta.

I’m on a diet from today.

Abito da quella parte.

I live around there.

Non si puo passare da quella strada.

You cannot go through that street.

Vieni da me?

Are you coming to mine?

Cosa guardi dalla finestra?

What are you looking at from the window?

Dall‘albergo vedo le montagne.

I can see the mountains from the hotel.

How do you use the preposition da in Italian?

The word "da" can be used independently if it is not preceded by the definite article "the". However, when "da" is used, it must be accompanied by an article, and this is a mandatory rule.

What are the meanings of DA in Italian?

The Italian preposition da is an important part of the language and is used in a variety of contexts. It is typically translated into the English prepositions "from" and "by" and is used to link Italian nouns together. Additionally, it is used in phrases that express time and is also essential for many common expressions.

How do you use con in Italian?

The Italian preposition "con" translates to "with" and typically remains the same when paired with an article. For example, you would say "con il" or "con la".

Italian word of the day
votare
Example
In democrazia, possono votare sia gli uomini sia le donne.
In democracy, both men and women can vote.
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