Phrasal verbs: Italian grammar lesson 184

Summary

Unlock the secrets of Italian conversation with our guide to phrasal verbs! Learn how these unique verb-preposition combos can add flair to your Italian and express complex ideas with ease. 🇮🇹✨

  • Get the gist: Phrasal verbs like bump into or come up with might stump you in English. They’re two-part verbs that pack a punch with meaning you can’t guess from the words alone. 🤔
  • Italian’s got them too: Surprise! Italian throws these curveballs as well. Phrases like Buttare giù or Dare addosso a are Italian’s answer to phrasal verbs. They’re just as tricky but twice as fun. 🎉
  • Meaning matters: Don’t get lost in translation! Essere fuori doesn’t mean “to be outside” but “to be crazy”. Context is king when it comes to phrasal verbs. 👑
  • Use them right: Want to sound like a local? Sprinkle some phrasal verbs into your chit-chat. Saying Portare avanti instead of just “continue” can give your Italian that authentic zing. 🌟
  • Practice makes perfect: These examples aren’t just to admire. Use them! Drop a Mettere dentro in a conversation about a recent movie plot. Watch your Italian pals’ eyes light up with delight! 🚀
  • Real-life relevance: Phrasal verbs aren’t just textbook material; they’re everyday speech. From Tirare su (to raise) to Venire giù (to collapse), they describe real stuff happening around us. 🌐

My thoughts

What are phrasal verbs?

Look at the following phrases and think about what they mean:

  • Bump into
  • Come up with
  • Drop by
  • Give out
  • Run out of

These are phrasal verbsand are created by uniting a verb with a preposition or an adverb.

Just think of the phrasal verb bump into.

If you didn’t know what the two words mean together, you wouldn’t be able to guess the meaning of them just by looking at the words separately.

Now that you know this, let us tell you there is an equivalent of phrasal verbs in Italian too.

Let’s have a look at some of them!

Italian phrasal verbs

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Here’s a list of the most common Italian phrasal verbs with their meanings:

  • Buttare giù: to get someone sad
  • Dare addosso a: to criticize, to pick on
  • Essere fuori (di testa): to be crazy
  • Fare fuori: to kill, to get rid of, to finish up
  • Mettere dentro: to arrest, to jail
  • Mettere sotto: to run over, to hit
  • Portare avanti: to carry on (with), to develop
  • Portare via: to take away
  • Tirare su: to raise, to build
  • Venire giù: to fall down, to collapse

Italian phrasal verbs: Examples

Let’s now look at some sentences for each of the above phrasal verbs:

Quella notizia mi ha buttata giù.

That news got me sad.

Hanno dato addosso al presidente.

They criticized the president.

La mia amica è proprio fuori.

My friend is really crazy.

I poliziotti hanno fatto fuori il ladro.

The police officers killed the thief.

Hanno messo dentro il mio migliore amico.

They jailed my best friend.

Una macchina stava per mettermi sotto.

A car was about to run over me.

Volete portare avanti il progetto?

Do you want to carry on the project?

Hanno portato via i bambini.

They took the kids away.

Mia mamma mi ha tirato su da sola.

My mom raised me on her own.

C’è stato un terremoto e la casa è venuta giù.

There was an earthquake and the house collapsed.

What are phrasal verbs?

Is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or an adverb or both. It has a meaning that's different from the combined meanings of the individual words.

Most common Italian phasal verbs

Buttare giù; Dare addosso a; Essere fuori (di testa); Fare fuori; Mettere dentro; Mettere sotto; Portare avanti; Portare via; Tirare su; Venire giù.

Italian word of the day
passeggiata
Example
Hai voglia di fare una passeggiata?
Do you feel like going for a walk?
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