Future of “potere”, “volere”, “dovere”: Italian grammar lesson 58

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Facts
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Key Takeaways

Dive into the Italian future tense with ease! Learn the ins and outs of conjugating the essential verbs potere, volere, and dovere to express ability, desire, and obligation in upcoming events. 🇮🇹✨

  • Spot the future tense by looking for the telltale “r” in the conjugations of potere, volere, and dovere. It’s a dead giveaway, so keep your eyes peeled! 👀
  • Remember, these verbs are irregular, which means you’ve gotta memorize them. No shortcuts here, but it’s worth it, I promise! 📚
  • Use potere (can or to be able to) to chat about what’s possible. Saying “potrò” is like a magic key to the future! 🔮
  • When you’re feeling determined, volere (to want to) is your go-to verb. “Vorrò” shows you’re not just dreaming – you’re planning! 💪
  • Dovere (must or to have to) is all about duty and necessity. “Dovrò” is like saying, “Yep, gotta do it!” with an Italian flair. 🇮🇹
  • These verbs are usually followed by an infinitive. Think of them as the power trio leading the charge for other verbs to follow. 🎶
  • Get practical with examples. They’re not just sentences; they’re your roadmap to mastering the future tense. Follow them closely! 🗺️

Quick facts

How are potere, volere, and dovere categorized in Italian conjugation?

They are irregular verbs, meaning they don't follow standard conjugation patterns and must be memorized individually.

What common feature helps identify the future tense of these verbs?

The presence of the letter "r" in their conjugations indicates the future tense.

How do potere, volere, and dovere interact with other verbs?

They are typically followed by verbs in the infinitive form, like mangiare (to eat), bere (to drink), and dormire (to sleep).

What does potere mean and when is it used?

Potere means "can" or "to be able to" and is used to discuss possibilities.

Can you give an example of potere in the future tense?

"Purtroppo, stasera non potremo venire" means "Unfortunately, we will not be able to come tonight."

What is the meaning and use of volere?

Volere means "to want to" and expresses one's will or desire to do something.

How would you use volere in a future context?

"Lei non vorrà mangiare fuori" translates to "She will not want to eat outside."

Explain the significance of dovere and its usage.

Dovere means "must" or "to have to" and is used to express obligations or necessities.

How do you form a sentence with dovere in the future tense?

"Dovremo studiare tanto per quell'esame" means "We’ll have to study a lot for that exam."

Why is it important to recognize future tense in Italian?

While present tense is commonly used for future events, understanding future tense helps in spotting and properly using it in conversations.

My Thoughts

What is the conjugation of potere, volere, and dovere?

As we saw in a previous lesson about the irregular future tense, we use the future tense to talk about something that will happen or will be true in the future.

In Italian, we mainly use the present tense to talk about the future. However, it’s important to know how to use and spot the future tense.

Potere, volere, and dovere are irregular verbs, which means they do not follow a predictable conjugation pattern. So, we just need to know it by heart.

In any case, we can easily spot the future tense because of the presence of the letter “r” in the conjugation.

Potere, volere, and dovere are usually followed by other verbs in the infinitive (the base form such as mangiare, bere, and dormire).

For now, let’s just look at some examples with the three verbs:

Non potrò venire quest’estate.

I will not be able to come this summer.

Luigi non vorrà andare al mare.

Luigi will not want to go to the sea.

Dovrete pulire tutto.

You will have to clean everything.

How to use potere?

The verb potere simply means can or to be able to. We use it to talk about a possibility.

Let’s have a look at the conjugation of this verb in the future tense:

io potrò
tu potrai
lui / lei potrà
noi potremo
voi potrete
loro potranno

Here are some examples:

Purtroppo, stasera non potremo venire.

Unfortunately, we will not be able to come tonight.

Certo che potrai andare in vacanza.

You will be able to go on holiday for sure.

How to use volere?

This verb means to want to. We use it when we want to express our will to do something.

Here’s its conjugation in the future:

io vorrò
tu vorrai
lui / lei vorrà
noi vorremo
voi vorrete
loro vorranno
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And here’re some examples:

Lei non vorrà mangiare fuori.

She will not want to eat outside.

Cosa vorranno fare?

What will they want to do?

How to use dovere?

Dovere means must or to have to. We use it to talk about an obligation or necessity.

Let’s have a look at it’s conjugation in the future tense:

io dovrò
tu dovrai
lui / lei dovrà
noi dovremo
voi dovrete
loro dovranno

Let’s now look at some examples:

Cosa dovrete comprare?

What will you have to buy?

Dovremo studiare tanto per quell’esame.

We’ll have to study a lot for that exam.

Test your knowledge in 10 quick questions

What is the conjugation of "potere", "volere", and "dovere"?

This are irregular verbs so they don´'t follow an exact pattern but they're followed by other verbs in the infinitive.

What's the meaning of "potere"?

It means can or to be able to. We use it to talk about a possibility.

What's the meaning of "volere"?

It means to want to. We use it when we want to express our will to do something.

What's the meaning of "dovere"?

It means must or to have to. We use it to talk about an obligation or necessity.

Italian word of the day
l’influenza
Example
Hai la febbre! Sì, mi è venuta l’influenza.
You have a fever! Yes, I got influenza.
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