Formal imperative with pronouns: Italian grammar lesson 206

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Summary

Ready to boss around in Italian with class? 🇮🇹 Dive into our guide and master the art of the formal imperative with pronouns. From commanding with courtesy to combining pronouns like a pro, we’ve got all the tips you need!

  • Imperative Basics: The imperative mood is your go-to for giving orders. In Italian, it changes its tune when you’re talking to your boss versus your buddy. 🤵👬
  • Formal Endings: Roll out the red carpet for verbs ending in -are, -ere, and -ire with fancy endings like -i, -a, and -isca. It’s how Italians show respect. 🎩
  • Pronoun Power: Pronouns are the secret sauce for snappy sentences. Direct or indirect, these little words will have you pointing fingers without lifting one. 👉
  • Direct Object Pronouns: When using direct object pronouns with the formal imperative, remember to put them before the verb. It’s like saying “Please, do it, but with Italian flair!” 🍝
  • Indirect Object Pronouns: Need to say “Tell him” with a touch of class? Indirect object pronouns also go before the verb in the formal imperative. It’s the Italian way of saying you care… but formally. 💌
  • Combo Move: When direct meets indirect, it’s a pronoun party. Combine them for a double whammy of politeness and efficiency. “Please, give it to her” becomes a smooth glielo dia. 🎉
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What is the imperative?

We use the imperative when we wantto give orders and instructions.

Here are some examples in English:

  • Sit down!
  • Come back!
  • Open the door.

In today’s lesson, we’re going to focus on how to use the formal imperative with pronouns.

Here’s an example for you to start getting familiarized with it:

Me li porti in camera.

Bring them to me in my room.

Formal imperative with pronouns Italian

How to use the formal imperative in Italian?

We use the formal imperative when we’re addressing someone older, someone we don’t know very well, or someone in a formal context.

Here are the endings for the formal imperative:

  • Verbs in -are: -i
  • Verbs in -ere: -a
  • Verbs in -ire: -a or -isca

Here are the endings of some irregular verbs for the formal imperative:

  • Dare (to give): dia
  • Dire (to say): dica
  • Fare(to do): faccia

And here are some short examples of the formal imperative:

Aspetti!

Wait!

Prenda questo quaderno.

Take this notebook.

Beva questa caffè.

Drink this coffee.

Formal imperative with pronouns in Italian

What are pronouns?

Pronouns are short words such as me, him, it, us, and them.

In Italian, we have direct and indirect object pronouns. The first one is an example with a direct object pronoun, the second one is an indirect object pronoun and the third one has both:

Non trovo le mie chiavi. Tu le hai viste?

I cannot find my keys. Have you seen them?

Gli ho detto quello che penso.

I told him what I think.

Quello è il mio libro. Me lo puoi dare?

That’s my book. Can you give it to me?

Italian formal imperative with pronouns

How to use direct object pronouns with the formal imperative?

Here’s a table with direct object pronouns:

Italian Translation
lo him or it (referring to a masculine singular noun)
la her or it (referring to a feminine singular noun)
li them (referring to a masculine plural noun)
le them (referring to a feminine plural noun)

And here are some examples of direct object pronouns with the formal imperative:

Lo faccia subito.

Do it straight away.

La chiami adesso.

Call her now.

Li compri.

Buy them.

As you can see, we place the direct object pronoun before the formal imperative.

Lei imperative with pronouns italian

How to use indirect object pronouns with the formal imperative?

Here’s a table with the indirect object pronouns that we use with the formal imperative.

Italian Translation
mi (to) me
gli (to) him
le (to) her
si (to) yourself (formal)
ci (to) us
gli (to) them

Here are some examples of indirect object pronouns in the formal imperative:

Mi dica tutto.

Tell me everything.

Per piacere, gli dica che non ci sono.

Please, tell him I’m not here.

Si accomodi.

Take a seat.

Again, we place the indirect object pronoun before the formal imperative.

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Pronouns and formal imperative Italian

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Here's a set of flashcards and quizzes to practice this grammar topic.

Direct and indirect object pronouns with the formal imperative: examples

Here’s a summary of the combination of both direct and indirect object pronouns:

  lo la li le
mi me lo me la me li me le
gli/le glielo gliela glieli gliele
ci ce lo ce la ce li ce le
gli glielo gliela glieli gliele

Let’s have a look at some examples:

Glielo dia subito.

Give it to him or her straight away.

Ce lo faccia sapere il prima possibile.

Let us know as soon as possible.

Per piacere, me la porti a casa.

Please, bring it to me at my house.

Needless to say, again, we place the combination of both pronouns before the formal imperative.

Italian formal imperative with direct and indirect pronouns

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FAQs on Formal imperative with pronouns: Italian grammar lesson 206

What is the imperative?

Is a verb mood used to give orders and instructions.

How to use the formal imperative in Italian?

The formal imperative is used in Italian for addressing someone older, someone we don’t know very well, or someone in a formal context.

What are pronouns?

Pronouns are words referring to either the people talking or someone or something that is being talked about.

How to use both direct and indirect object pronouns with the formal imperative?

By placing the pronoun, or its combination, before the formal imperative.

Italian word of the day
cappuccino
Example
Vorrei un cappuccino, per favore.
I’d like a cappuccino, please.
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